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A little about Yerba Mate and its properties

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Yerba Mate, Ilex Paraguariensis, is an evergreen member of the holly family native to the subtropical rainforest of South America.

  The Yerba Mate seeds are small and hard to break. The sprouting process takes six months. Once they sprout, the small Yerba Mate plants grow in a nursery for two years and then are transplanted at level curves in the fields. The distance between plants is 3 x 1.5 meters. Planting the green cover is the next step.

  Once they sprout, the Yerba Mate plants reach harvest size in six years. It’s time for the first harvest. The yerba mate is a tree carefully trimmed to facilitate the harvest. The Yerba is hand-picked by the Tareferos (harvesters) who select the leaves and thin stems with the help of scissors or serruchos.

The elaboration takes the following steps:

  • Oreado: the yerba is air dried overnight
  • Sapecado: the yerba is flash-heated at 900 degrees for few seconds and slow dried at a lower temperature for twenty minutes. The yerba lose around 30% or 40% of its humidity and the leaves show little stains from the high temperature.
  • Barbacua: is a very big smoke-free oven where the Yerba will stay for other 15 or 20 hours to assure is perfectly dry (especially the stems).
  • Canchado: is the Yerba’s first grind. Now we have Yerba canchada.
  • Zaranda: the big stems are taken away and the yerba is packed in sacs.
  • Aging: the sacs of Yerba are aged for two years in the Noque (especial dark barn or chamber). The Yerba will slowly lose the extra chlorophyll and get the yellowish tone, sign of quality and healthiness. If the Yerba Mate is not properly aged can cause digestive problems.
  • Final grinding: leaves and stems are separated and grinned in different mills to avoid excessive dust caused for extra grinding the leaves and to control the perfect balance, afterwards stems and leaves are mixed again.
  • Packing: the Yerba mate is weighted in a vibratory weighter and the pack is filled without pressuring the content. Once packed, the Yerba Mate must be used within 12 months, after this it will slowly lose its flavor and quality.

Yerba Mate Properties

  • Helps detoxify the blood
  • Induces Mental clarity
  • Sustains energy levels
  • Tone the Nervous System
  • Combat Fatigue
  • Boosts Immune System
  • Helps relieve Allergies
  • Improves Mood
  • Increases Libido
  • Improves Digestion
  • Aids Weight LossHigh Antioxidant

Nutritional Properties:

  • Vitamins: A, C, E, B1, B2, Niacin (B3), B5, B complex
  • Minerals: Calcium, Manganese, Iron, Selenium, Potassium, Magnesium, Silicon, Phosphorus. 15 Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Chlorophyll, Flavonoids, Polyphenols, and traces of minerals.

Mateine or Yerba Mate’s natural stimulant, is a close relative to caffeine, but its chemical structure and the way the body absorbs it differ significantly from caffeine. Clinical studies have shown that caffeine-sensitive people can drink Yerba Mate with no adverse reactions. Yerba Mate is a whole body tonic and, even in large amounts, promotes balance in many body systems without over stimulating any system. Yerba Mate helps improve energy and mental alertness without the nervousness and anxiety some people experience from coffee and black tea. For more information see Alternative Medicine (Jan 99) and Herbal Tonics Therapies (Keats, 1993) by Daniel Mowrey Ph. D. Yerba Mate is a wonderful thirst quencher and prevents dehydration.



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